How to use solar charge controller || Hindi Urdu

How to use solar charge controller || Hindi Urdu

Solar Charge Controller Types, Functionality and Applications

A solar charge controller is essentially a voltage or present controller to charge the battery and preserve electrical cells from overcharging. It directs the voltage and present hailing from the solar panels setting off to the electrical cell. Generally, 12V boards/panels put out within the ballpark of 16 to 20V, so if there is no such thing as a regulation the electrical cells will broken from overcharging.

Generally, electrical storage gadgets require round 14 to 14.5V to get utterly charged. The solar charge controllers can be found in all options, prices and sizes. The vary of charge controllers are from 4.5A and up to 60 to 80A

Types of Solar Charger Controlle

There are three various kinds of solar charge controllers, they’re:
Simple 1 or 2 stage controls
PWM (pulse width modulated)
Maximum energy level monitoring (MPPT)
Simple 1 or 2 Controls: It has shunt transistors to management the voltage in a single or two steps. This controller principally simply shorts the solar panel when a sure voltage is arrived at.

Their primary real gas for retaining such a infamous fame is their unwavering high quality – they’ve so not many segments, there may be little or no to break.
PWM (Pulse Width Modulated):

This is the normal sort charge controller, as an illustration anthrax, Blue Sky and so forth. These are primarily the business customary now.

Maximum energy level monitoring (MPPT): The MPPT solar charge controller is the glowing star of right this moment’s solar programs. These controllers really establish the most effective working voltage and amperage of the solar panel exhibit and match that with the electrical cell financial institution.

The end result is further 10-30% extra energy out of your solar oriented cluster versus a PWM controller. It is often definitely worth the hypothesis for any solar electrical programs over 200 watts.

Features of Solar Charge Controller:

Protects the battery (12V) from over charging
Reduces system upkeep and will increase battery lifetime
Auto charged indication
Reliability is excessive
10amp to 40amp of charging present
Monitors the reverse present circulation

Function of Solar Charge Controller:

The most important charge controller principally controls the system voltage and opens the circuit, halting the charging, when the battery voltage ascents to a sure degree. More charge controllers utilized a mechanical relay to open or shut the circuit, halting or starting energy heading off to the electrical storage gadgets.

Generally solar energy programs make the most of 12V of batteries.
Solar panels can convey far more voltage than is obliged to charge the battery.

The charge voltage could possibly be saved at a finest degree whereas the time wanted to utterly charge the electrical storage gadgets is lessened.
This permits the solar programs to work optimally continually.

By operating larger voltage within the wires from the solar panels to the charge controller, energy dissipation within the wires is diminished essentially.

The solar charge controllers can even management the reverse energy circulation. The charge controllers can distinguish when no energy is originating from the solar panels and open the circuit separating the solar panels from the battery gadgets and halting the reverse present circulation.


In latest days, the method of producing electrical energy from daylight is having extra recognition than different different sources and the photovoltaic panels are completely air pollution free and so they don’t require excessive upkeep. The following are some examples the place solar power is using

Street lights use photovoltaic cells to convert daylight into DC electrical charge. This system makes use of solar charge controller to retailer DC within the batteries and makes use of in lots of areas.
Home programs use PV module for house-hold purposes.
Hybrid solar system makes use of for a number of power sources for offering full time backup provide to different sources.

Example of Solar Charge Controller:

From the beneath instance, on this a solar panel is used to charge a battery. A set of operational amplifiers are used to monitor panel voltage and cargo present constantly. If the battery is absolutely charged, a sign can be offered by a inexperienced LED. To point out beneath charging, over loading, and deep discharge situation a set of LEDs are used.

A MOSFET is used as an influence semiconductor swap by the solar charge controller to make sure the reduce off load in low situation or over loading situation. The solar power is bypassed utilizing a transistor to a dummy load when the battery will get full charging. This will defend the battery from over charging.

This unit performs Four main features:

Charges the battery.
Gives a sign when battery is absolutely charged.
Monitors the battery voltage and when it’s minimal, cuts off the availability to the load swap to take away the load connection.
In case of overload, the load swap is in off situation guaranteeing the load is reduce off from the battery provide.

A solar panel is a set of solar cells.

The solar panel converts the solar vitality into electrical power.
The solar panel uses Ohmic materials for interconnections as well as the external terminals. So the electrons created within the n-type materials passes by the electrode to the wire related to the battery. Through the battery, the electrons reach the p-type materials.

Here the electrons combine with the holes.
When the solar panel is connected to the battery, it behaves like other battery, and each the techniques are in collection identical to two batteries related serially. The solar panel has completely consisted of four course of steps overload, below charge, low battery and deep discharge situation.

The out from the solar panel is related to the swap and from there the output is fed to the battery.
And setting from there it goes to the load swap and eventually on the output load. This system consists of Four completely different parts-over voltage indication and detection, over charge detection, over charge indication, low battery indication and detection.

Incase of the over charge, the facility from the solar panel is bypassed by a diode to the MOSFET swap. Incase of low charge, the availability to MOSFET swap is reduce off to make it in off situation and thus swap off the facility provide to the load.

Solar power is the cleanest and most accessible renewable power supply. The Modern expertise can harness this power for quite a lot of makes use of, together with producing electrical energy, offering mild and heating water for home, industrial or industrial utility.



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